What Is OxyContin?
OxyContin (oxycodone) commonly known as Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, is the brand name for oxycodone hydrochloride, an opioid analgesic pain reliever. OxyContin is a controlled-release oral formulation of oxycodone hydrochloride.
OxyContin is available by prescription only and is used to treat moderate to severe pain when around-the-clock pain relief is needed for an extended period of time. It works by changing the way the brain and nervous system respond to pain.
OxyContin is a strong prescription medicine used when an opioid medicine is needed to manage severe pain enough to require daily around-the-clock, long-term treatment with an opioid when other pain treatments such as non-opioid pain medicines or immediate-release opioid medicines do not treat your pain well enough or you cannot tolerate them.
The onset of pain relief typically begins within 15 minutes and lasts for up to six hours with the immediate-release formulation. In the United Kingdom, it is available by injection.
The Origin Of OxyContin Pills.
OxyContin pill was first made in Germany in 1916 from “thebaine”. After that, many other chemical laboratories have produced OxyContin pills in several sizes and potencies. It is available as a generic medication. In the United States, the wholesale cost per dose is less than $4.30 as of 2018.
Purdue Pharma, a privately held company based in Stamford, Connecticut, developed the prescription painkiller OxyContin. Upon its release in 1995, OxyContin was hailed as a medical breakthrough, a long-lasting narcotic that could help patients suffering from moderate to severe pain.
Oxycodone is available as a controlled-release tablet, intended to be taken every 12 hours. A July 1996 study independent of Purdue Pharma, the drug’s creator, found the controlled-release formulation had a variable duration of action ranging from 10–12 hours.
A 2006 review found that controlled-release oxycodone is comparable to immediate-release oxycodone, morphine pills, and hydromorphone in the management of moderate to severe cancer pain. The author concluded that the controlled-release form is a valid alternative to morphine and a first-line treatment for cancer pain.
In 2014, the European Association for Palliative Care recommended oxycodone by mouth as a second-line alternative to morphine pills by mouth for cancer pain.
OxyContin was the 54th most prescribed medication in the United States in 2017, with more than 14 million prescriptions.
What Does Oxycodone It look like?
NB: OxyContin pills are available in tablet form in eight doses: 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, 80 mg, 160 mg.
Common street names of OxyContin include; O.C., Oxycet, Oxycotton, Oxy, Hillbilly Heroin, Percs, etc.
How To Use Oxycodone?
OxyContin is a pain medication, OxyContin pills are taken every 12 hours because the tablets contain a controlled, time-release formulation of the medication. Most pain medications must be taken every three to six hours.
People who misuse OxyContin pills remove the sustained-release coating to get a rapid release of the medication. When misused, OxyContin pills are crushed and snorted, chewed, injected or smoked.
Oxycodone misuse can result in physical dependence and addiction. Dependence means that the body adapts to the presence of the drug, and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced or stopped.
Tolerance to the drugs’ effects also occurs with long-term use, so a person misusing Oxycodone must take higher doses to achieve the same or similar effects as experienced initially.
What Are The Side Effects Of OxyContin?
Common side effects of OxyContin include constipation, nausea, sleepiness, dizziness, itching, dry mouth, and sweating. Severe side effects may include addiction, respiratory depression, and Hypotension.
Those allergic to codeine may also be allergic to Oxycontin. OxyContin use in early pregnancy appears relatively safe. Opioid withdrawal may occur if rapidly stopped.
Other side effects of Oxycodone use include; Nausea, vomiting, constipation, dry mouth, weakness, sweating, lightheadedness, dizziness, or drowsiness may occur.
Some of these side effects of Oxycodone may decrease after you have been using this medication for a while. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor promptly.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed OxyContin pills because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using OxyContin pills promptly do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including interrupted breathing during sleep (sleep apnea), mental/mood changes (such as agitation, confusion, hallucinations), severe stomach/abdominal pain, difficulty urinating, signs of your adrenal glands not working well (such as loss of appetite, unusual tiredness, weight loss).
Chronic use or misuse of opioid medications can result in physical dependence and addiction. Dependence means that the body adapts to the presence of the drug, and withdrawal symptoms occur if use is reduced or stopped.
Tolerance to the drugs’ effects also occurs with long-term use, so a person misusing prescription opioid medication must take higher doses to achieve the same or similar effects as experienced initially.