What Is Marijuana?

Marijuana, also called weed, cannabis, bud, Mary Jane, and a vast number of other slang in the streets is a greenish-gray mixture of the dried flowers of Cannabis sativa.

Marijuana contains mind-altering (psychoactive) compounds like tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, as well as other active compounds like cannabidiol, or CBD, that are not mind-altering. 

The THC is found in resin produced by the leaves and buds primarily of the female cannabis plant. The plant also contains more than 500 other chemicals, including more than 100 compounds that are chemically related to THC, called cannabinoids.

Marijuana can also be defined as a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used mostly for medical or recreational purposes. The main psychoactive component of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol, which is one of the 483 known compounds in the plant, including at least 65 other cannabinoids. 

Cannabis plant in early growing stages

Marijuana is sold in a mixture of dried-out leaves, stems, flowers, and seeds of the hemp plant. It is usually green, brown, or gray in color. It is a drug like alcohol, cocaine, or ecstasy. And like these drugs, it has some side effects that can be harmful. 

Marijuana is smoked by rolling it like a cigarette (joint), but may also be smoked in a dry pipe or a water pipe known as a “bong.” It can also be mixed with food and eaten or brewed as a tea. These are called “edibles” and are covered in detail later in black net sales.

Sometimes users open up cigars and remove the tobacco, replacing it with pot called a “blunt.” Joints and blunts are sometimes laced with other, more powerful drugs, such as heroin and crack cocaine.

Marijuana hybrid strains provide the effects of Sativa and Indica cannabis strains. The hybrid effects are determined by the parent plant genetics in a process called cross-breeding. The effects or “high” of this strain type include uplifting, relaxed, happy, energetic or tired, hungry, sleepy. 

They can be Indica dominant, Sativa dominant, or balanced. Their appearances and effects are heavily influenced by their parentage. For example, there can be tall Indica dominant hybrids or short Sativa dominant strains. Hybrids are a primary marijuana strain type that lives between Indicas and Sativas. 

Hybrid strains are classified by their ability to produce a unique balance of Indica and Sativa effects. Marijuana hybrids can be both energizing and relaxing, depending on their specific strain lineage. Use Leafly’s strain explorer tool to discover all the varieties of hybrid strains and their effects.

What Is A Marijuana Strain?

Cannabis strains are either pure or hybrid varieties of the plant genus Cannabis, which encompasses the species C. SativaC. Indica, and C. Ruderalis.

The term used interchangeably with “cultivar,” “variety,” and “selection” within the cannabis industry. It has no official botanical meaning and has fallen out of favor in horticultural circles.

In the world of cannabis, the term “strain” refers to the flower’s particular variety, be it Sour Diesel, Northern Lights, or Jack Herer.

Cannabis strains commonly refer to those varieties with recreational and medicinal use. These varieties have been cultivated to contain a high percentage of cannabinoids.

Several varieties of cannabis, known as hemp, have a very low cannabinoid content and are instead grown for their fiber and seed.

Marijuana or Cannabis is a plant just like any other on planet Earth. It grows in a wide array of strains, varieties, and types. Much like choosing between red delicious, there are a ton of medical marijuana options available to choose from. 

There are presently at least 779 Marijuana strains that have been founded, named and recognized by the marijuana community but below, we have been able to focus on a few and most important strains:

Types Of Marijuana Strains.

1) Granddaddy Purple Weed Strain.

Granddaddy Purple marijuana strain (aka Grand Daddy Purps) is an Indica that gives a sweet berry fragrance and leaves consumers experiencing a grape aftertaste. It’s a striking strain, with deep and dark purple buds surrounded with bright orange hairs and a plethora of white trichomes.

Granddaddy Purple weed strain was Introduced in 2003 by Ken Estes, Granddaddy Purple (or GDP) is an Indica cross of Purple Urkle and Big Bud.

This California staple inherits a complex grape and berry aroma from its Purple Urkle parent, while Big Bud passes on its oversized, compact bud structure.  

Granddaddy Purple weed’s flowers bloom in shades of deep purple, a contrasting backdrop for its snow-like dusting of white crystal resin. Recently, Granddaddy Purple marijuana has become not only California’s favorite but also a global cannabis icon.

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Granddaddy Purple won the first place in 2015 at the Denver High Times Cannabis Cup for Best U.S. Indica. Granddaddy Purple cannabis relieves restless leg syndrome for a comfortable night’s rest and elevates appetite.

GDP’s THC level mostly lies at 17% with some crops topping off at 23%. Grand Daddy Purple creates an extremely relaxing body buzz that leaves the mind in a euphoric state. Granddaddy is an excellent choice to help aid sleep and tension in the body.

Granddaddy Purple is best grown indoors. Its flowering time lies between 10-11 weeks. It yields range from four ounces to three pounds per plant depending on quality and crop.

2) Gorilla Glue Weed Strain.

Another marijuana strain is the Gorilla Glue Weed also called Original Glue (GG4), developed by GG Strains, which is a potent hybrid strain that gives heavy-handed euphoria and relaxation, leaving you feeling “glued” to the couch.

It has chunky, resin-covered buds that fill the room with pungent earthy and sour aromas inherited from its parent strains, Chem’s Sister, Sour Dubb. Another name for Gorilla Glue Weed is Chocolate Diesel, a Sativa marijuana strain that brings together genetics from the original Sour Diesel and Chocolate. 

With soaring euphoria that shoots straight to the head, Chocolate Diesel could easily be compared to a cup of coffee. Its flavors offer a little part of both parents, with notes of both earthy chocolate and skunky diesel.

Also, Gorilla Glue Weed is famous since it is one of the most talked-about cannabis strains currently in circulation.

After winning the Michigan and Los Angeles 2014 Cannabis Cups as well as the High Times Jamaican World Cup, this multiple award-winning hybrid’s supremacies is no longer a secret, and consumers will search far and wide to get their hands sticky with Gorilla Glue weed (GG4).

3) Ghost OG Weed Strain

Ghost OG Weed is a useful marijuana strain that is an Indica dominant strain that has a mixture of 70% Indica and 30% Sativa. Ghost OG is produced by crossing Afghani Indica with OG Kush. 

This cross gives a colorful appearance that has a leafy exterior and contains numerous colors, including tones of green, yellow, and purple. 

Ghost OG marijuana strain is also known as OG Kush and is a hybrid strain loved by many because of its balanced cerebral and body effects. It is often described simultaneously potent and non-intrusiveGhost OG has won itself Cup awards and renown among consumers.

Its strong citrus smell and crystal-covered buds hint at this strain’s strong genetics and its ability to annihilate pain, insomnia, depression, and anxiety. 

Ghost OG weed has a moderate THC level and has a pleasant and strong aroma with a hint of lemon and citrus. The taste of this marijuana strain is quite pleasant as well and is a blend of Kush, lime, and sweet flavors.

It produces a high and strong buzz that takes over you in an instant. Ghost OG helps your system, such as calming you down.

Again, Ghost OG Weed is an OG in the true sense; a classic; the kind that wines and dines and never leaves you hanging. Ghost OG is a strain that is both potent and easy to get along with, it is a cross-cut of OG Kush and Afghani made by Dark Heart Nursery and is sure to become one of your new favorites.

Ghost OG Cannabis is used for the treatment of anxiety, stress, and mild insomnia. It has the ability to relieve muscle aches, tension, and headaches and is often recommended in the treatment of chronic pain and severe cramps.

 Ghost OG weed is also said to have a flavor that matches its charming rainbow exterior. 

You’re sure to marvel at her numerous colors that range from tones of green to yellow to some even as dark as deep purple. OG Kush is vibrant in their own right but it is the dusting of trichomes and the pop of yellow leaves and glossy orange hairs that leave you with your jaw on the floor. 

4. California Orange weed

California Orange weed or California Orange Bud (C.O.B), is a hybrid of balanced Indica and Sativa composition. It was created in the 1980s before growers were able to discuss or trademark their strain genetics online. 

Also known as Cali-O, Cali Orange Bud, C.O.B., and available from Dutch Passion as “Californian Orange” in a feminized seed. California Orange weed has undetermined parentage. 

Most users report that California Orange produces an upbeat, clear-headed high when consumed in moderation, while heavier dosing can lead to a more indie-type body feeling.

Moreover, California Orange weed strain is said to be an old strain that has already made its mark and one that is quite popular for those who want something that could be used during their leisure time.

This is because it gives a cerebral high that is not too overwhelming, and at the same time, keep one’s mind clear. Many marijuana users reported that California Orange gives an upbeat, clear-headed high when consumed in moderation.  

Although THC content is relatively low at 10 to 15%, this strain is known for a potent mental high. Califonia Orange weed is generally accepted to be a 50/50 Indica/Sativa hybrid, and is quite easy to grow, and produces a sweet citrus aroma reminiscent of orange zest. 

5) Bruce Banner Weed Strain

Banner’s weed strain is a powerful strain whose effects come on quickly and strong and then tend to settle into a euphoric and creative buzz. Dark Horse Genetics bred this strain from OG Kush and Strawberry Diesel, and its heritage can be found in its diesel aroma with sweet undertones. 

Bruce Banner Weed is a receives this name with good reason as it is quite a powerful strain, with the Bruce Banner #3 variant reaching nearly 30% in THC content. Bruce Banner #3 ranked first place in the Denver US Cannabis Cup and is the most potent strain ever tested in the history of the High Times Cannabis Cups.

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Moreover, Bruce Banner Weed is a Sativa dominant marijuana hybrid strain that packs quite a punch with a great balance between the Sativa and Indica effects. 

Bruce Banner Cannabis Strain has the taste of the strain is pungent citrus, and as compared to the strain’s smell, it’s taste is considerably earthier and less sweet.

Bruce Banner’s weed strain is said to have been bred by Holck of Dark Horse Genetics (aka OG Ironlung) by cross-breeding Strawberry Diesel and OG Kush, which is made evident with it’s pleasant, slightly sweet diesel scent.

Bruce Banner Cannabis Strain is a favorite in Colorado. Bruce Banner actually comes in three specific variants, with Bruce Banner #3 being the most coveted of the three. 

6) Blue Dream Cannabis Strain.

Blue Dream Cannabis Strain is a Sativa-dominant hybrid that originated from California. Blue Dream marijuana is a potent cross between the ever-popular classic strains Blueberry and Haze, Blue Dream (also known as Azure Haze). 

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Blue Dream weed strain is said to have acquired legendary status among West Coast strains. Crossing Blueberry with Haze, Blue Dream balances full-body relaxation with gentle cerebral invigoration. 

Novice and veteran consumers alike enjoy the level effects of Blue Dream, which ease you gently into a calm euphoria.

In addition, Blue Dream Cannabis has a THC percentage that ranges from 17% at the lower range and 24% at the higher range. This weed strain(Blue Dream Marijuana) has more than just good looks and flavor to bring to the table. 

The CBD and CBN levels reach 2% and 1% respectively, which makes this a stellar strain for treating a myriad of ailments. This makes Blue Dream a popular daytime medicine for patients treating pain, depression, nausea, and other ailments requiring a high THC strain

Furthermore, Blue Dream Weed thrives when grown indoors in a hydroponic environment and finishes flowering about 8 to 10 weeks after the 12/12 light cycle switch, according to Dark Heart Nursery.

For a more robust flavor profile, many growers choose to cultivate this strain in soil with organic nutrients.

When cultivated outdoors, Blue Dream hits full maturation by late October in the Northern Hemisphere, late April in the Southern Hemisphere. The delicious flavors of blueberry and sugar are long-lasting and stay in the air and on your tongue long after the smoke has gone. 

7) Black Diamond Cannabis Strain.

Black Diamond Cannabis strain is a Northern California strain that works for patients who need strong medication but still want to be active and sociable. Black Diamond Weed strain is a result of the cross between Blackberry and Diamond OG cannabis strain. 

Black Diamond weed strain has a flowering glittery trichome covering and purple coloring that makes it a beautiful gem to look at. Being a 50/50 hybrid, you get the best of both Worlds with Black diamond cannabis. 

This marijuana strain has an instant & plentiful effect that makes it an instant favorite among most MMJ patients. However, as with all strains of cannabis, the specific phenotype you are medicating with is unique and has its own characteristics.

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Black Diamond marijuana strain has a musky and earthy aroma, almost like a deep red wine. Black Diamond weed is known to cause fits of giggles and is a great strain for hanging out with friends or catching up on TV shows at home since it tends to make consumers extremely hungry, making it a good choice for those looking to increase their appetite. 

It’s advisable to have some snacks at home while taking Black diamond cannabis strain.

Black Diamond Cannabis has no breeder seeds available for commercial sale. Instead, prospective growers must obtain clippings from mature plants of the strain in order to grow genetically identical “clones.”

Black diamond weed is grown both indoors and outdoors, but it is more successful in outdoor cultivation which requires a humid climate with daytime temperatures in the 70 to 80 degree Fahrenheit range.

Plants grow short and bushy and should be “topped,” or trimmed of any wide fan leaves in order to encourage the growth of flowering nodes on lower branches.

Those looking to bring out Black Diamond’s striking purple hues should also expose their plants to cold (but not too cold) temperatures just before flowering begins.

8) Berry White Cannabis Strain.

Berry White Cannabis Strain is a hybrid strain that is the offspring of parents of near-celebrity status in the cannabis world: Blueberry and White Widow.

Berry is famous in its own right for its even, balanced effects that offer relaxation from stress and anxiety along with a sense of euphoria.

Berry White’s cannabis strain is perfect for inspiring an upbeat mood and may lead to conversation and creative pursuits. Its flowers have a light sour berry and pine smell and a fresh taste similar to their scent. They generally have a strong blue coloring contrasted by orange hairs. 

Berry White strain is commonly referred to as Blue Widow or even White Berry depending on the grower and the seeds they used when growing the cannabis.

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Furthermore, Berry white weed strain THC content averages at 16% with some harvests reaping in at 22%. The high derived from Berry White often helps in reducing anxiety and stress, eliminating many physical ailments, and gives an uplifted mood that doesn’t fog the mind. 

9) Amnesia Haze Cannabis Strain.

The Amnesia Haze cannabis strain is a very diverse strain that has the characteristics of a multitude of other parent strains. With varying genetics, but overall draws its lineage from landrace strains, giving it a clean high with fewer side effects as compared to other traditional strains. 

Amnesia Haze genetics have been traced back to the South Asian and Jamaican landrace strains, and this Cannabis Cup winner (1st place 2004, 1st place Sativa Cup 2012) has since been popularized in the coffee shops of Amsterdam. 

Its energizing high is more likely to leave you wired than sleepy, so smoking shortly before bedtime is not recommended.

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Moreover, Amnesia Haze marijuana strain tastes crisp and refreshing, featuring notes of pine trees, lemons, citrus fruits, and earthy goodness. 

Amnesia Haze weed strain is an intoxicating and highly psychedelic hybrid, regarded as one of Amsterdam’s classic and most favored strains. 

Amnesia Haze cannabis is also a good choice for focusing on work in an isolated setting. 

10) AK-47 Marijuana Strain.

Don’t let the name AK-47 scare you. AK-47 is a Sativa-dominate hybrid with bright white coloring. Despite its violent name, the strain imparts a very mellow feeling and can even leave one stuck in a state of “couch-lock”. 

AK-47 weed strain increases creativity. However, the AK-47 cannabis strain will leave you feeling uplifted, peaceful, and euphoric. While its scent is sour and earthy, its sweet, floral notes can only be fully realized in the taste. Most marijuana smokers enjoy smoking while listening to music. 

Also, this Sativa-dominant strain mixes ColombianMexicanThai, and Afghani varieties, bringing a complex blend of flavors and effects. AK-47 marijuana delivers a steady and long-lasting cerebral buzz that keeps you mentally alert and engaged in creative or social activities.  

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Many users take advantage of the fact that the AK-47 marijuana strain has a relaxing effect and use it to relieve stress and anxiety. Some use it to take the edge off their chronic pains and aches. 

Insomniacs take 1-3 hits approximately an hour before bedtime to induce relaxation. Its THC levels stay close to average. Its CBDs and CBNs, however, can be as high as 1.5%.

11) Alaskan Thunderfuck Cannabis Strain.

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Alaskan Thunderfuck marijuana strain is a Sativa-dominant with a complicated genetic history. This weed strain is said to have originated in Alaska’s Matanuska Valley.

Alaskan Thunderfuck weed strain came about as a cross between an unnamed Northern California cannabis strain with an unnamed Russian Ruderalis (which a less-seen genus of cannabis distinct from either India or Sativa.

Again, Alaskan Thunder Fuck. aka  ATF, Matanuska Thunder Fuck, or Matanuska Tundra is a beautifully frosted bud with strong odors of lemon, pine, menthol, and skunk are noted with ATF.

 Alaskan Thunderfuck’s cannabis strain confers a strong sense of mental focus with some subtle physical relaxation. Flower of Alaskan Thunderfuck has been tested at between 13% and 27%.

Furthermore, Alaskan Thunderfuck weed strain sets itself apart with chunky buds that are medium and large in size. These leaves, which are a pale shade of sea green, have a fluffy look and feel and can be easily torn away from their central stems. 

 Finally, Alaskan Thundfuck marijuana strain is covered with a dense blanket of trichomes in the inner and outer surfaces of the flowers, making them sticky and particularly hard to break up without the help of a grinder.

 Alaskan thunderfuck marijuana strain flowers around the 49 to 63-day and marks the readability to consume. Beginners are advised to take caution or may find paranoia or couch lock become part of the equation.

12) Alien OG Cannabis Strain

Alien OG cannabis strain roots from California’s very own OG Kush, Alien OG is a very unique weed strain with a reputation all its own. Alien OG marijuana strain is a Sativa-leaning hybrid that was created by a seed company called “The Cali Connection” as a cross between Tahoe OG Kush and Cali Connection’s very own India Alien Kush. 

Alien OG weed strain has a lemon and pine OG smell and flavor, and its intense high combines heavy body effects and a psychedelic cerebral buzz. Beginners and novices, be sure to take it slow. Alien OG cannabis THC content can range from 20% to as much as 28%.

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13) Alien Dawg marijuana strain

Alien Dawg weed strain is a cross between Alien Technology and Chemdawg. This cannabis strain has its roots in Northern California and Afghanistan and offers an incredible mind and body high. Beginners are advised to keep away from this marijuana strain.

Also, Descending from Northern California and Afghanistan genetics, Alien Dawg marijuana strain has a sour and pungent odor, Alien Dawg cannabis has a light, bitter taste and presents brilliant mind and body effects.

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14) Agent orange weed

 Agent Orange cannabis strain is a Sativa-dominant hybrid that is known for its orange, spicy taste that delivers a potent cocktail of Sativa effects.

 Agent Orange marijuana strain was created by Subcool in an attempt to fuse the legendary clone Jack’s Cleaner with an orange strain, it was thought to be an attempt to make his own version of a Juan Moore strain called 7Up.

Again, the Agent Orange marijuana strain is mostly used by people seeking refuge from stress, anxiety, and depression. While it is not recommended for anything beyond minor aches and pains, the Agent Orange weed strain is very helpful to patients managing minor infrequent pain, chronic migraines, and fatigue.

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 Agent Orange cannabis strain also gives an uplifting and motivating effect that serves a good mood especially if you feel depressed. Beginners should be aware that the cerebral effects of this weed strain have been called “almost trippy”. 

A strong sense of euphoria, which raises the user’s mood and produces a strong fuzzy disconnect from reality, is typical.

15) Acapulco Gold Cannabis Strain.

Acapulco Gold cannabis strain is a favorite Sativa strain. Its buds are known to be various hues of green, brown, and gold with orange pistils, making it resemble golden nuggets.

Its aroma is similar to burnt toffee or butterscotch and leaves a spicy, nutmeg taste in the mouth. Only one of its parent strains is known, the Sativa Mexican and its origins lie around Acapulco, Mexico. 

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Again, Acapulco Gold weed strain is a strain that was popular during the 1960s counterculture movement for its potency and unique color. 

Acapulco Gold cannabis strain has a reputation for being one of the best cannabis strains ever created, and it’s becoming more difficult to find. Its THC level averages at 15% and can increase to 23%

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